Systems Medicine and Integrated Care to Combat Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

Systems Medicine and Integrated Care to Combat Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

The article defines chronic diseases as “disorders of long duration and slow progression.” Included in these are four noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as listed by the World Health Organization:¬†cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, among many others. Surprisingly, NCDs represent perhaps the biggest global health problem for the 21st Century. NCDs can affect all age groups and are the world’s leading cause of disease burden and mortality.

The article then addresses that “NCDs are associated with complex gene-environment interactions modulated by socio-economic determinants, psychological factors, age and gender.” It provides a very detailed explanation of what causes NCDs and the challenges physicians are facing when trying to treat NCDs. Next, it addresses the complexity of NCDs and suggests new methods that may help find a solution. One answer was systems medicine. Further, it defines systems medicine as “the application of systems biology to medical research and practice” and explains the specifics.

Lastly, the article addresses integrated care, “a core component of health and social care reforms, seeks to close the traditional gap between health and social care” and addresses the benefits of a transition to integrated care.

I can use this information to define systems medicine and integrated care in depth. Additionally, I can use it to support the research on NCDs that can be found in my second source. I think using this example of NCDs to support the idea that a transition to the use of life-style medicine and integrated care in medical practice should be used will be effective. It is obvious that NCDs are a leading global health risk and action needs to be taken. The complexity of NCDs and the evidence that life-style medicine and integrated care can prevent or reverse NCDs proves that a new method of care is necessary. Lastly, I can search for additional research of a variety of specific health diseases that are also considered NCDs supporting the use of these practices over the dependency that both practitioners and patients have on pharmaceuticals.

Now I need research counter-arguing the use of pharmaceuticals.

 

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